Occupied Mussel Reaches - Klamath River [ds660]

SDE Feature Class

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Tags
Calfornia, Karuk tribe, Klamath River, inlandWaters, Margaritifera falcata, biota, environment, Freshwater mussels, Anodonta californiensis, Gonidea angulata


Summary

This study examines freshwater mussel distribution and habitat use in the Klamath River of Northern California. We snorkel surveyed forty sites for the presence of freshwater mussels and recorded three mussel genera (Gonidea, Margaritifera, and Anodonta), with Gonidea being most abundant, Margaritifera present in low numbers, and Anodonta present at a few sites at the upper end of our study area. Data collected during these surveys were analyzed in three senior theses at Whitman College in Walla Walla, WA (Krall 2010, Tennant 2010, and Westover 2010). The occupied freshwater mussel sites documented by Krall (2010), Tennant (2010), and Westover (2010) in Klamath_2007_mussel_locations.shp and Klamath_2010_mussel_locations.shp were projected onto USGS National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) flowlines in ArcMap. NHD flowline reaches immediately adjacent to occupied freshwater mussel sites in Klamath_2007_mussel_locations.shp and Klamath_2010_mussel_locations.shp were selected and exported in shapefile format (Klamath_occupied_mussel_reaches.shp); all the NHD flowline attributes retained.

Description

Freshwater mussels of the Klamath River community filter water, provide habitat and food for other animals and are culturally important to the Karuk tribe. Mussels are disappearing at an alarming rate in the United States and worldwide; more information on mussel biology and habitat is crucial for conservation. As part of the first comprehensive study of mussels in the Klamath River, we identified habitat variables important to mussel conservation and provided baseline data for future studies. We hypothesized that long term habitat stability affected the distribution and abundance of Gonidea angulata (western ridged mussel), Margaritifera falcata (western pearlshell) and Anodonta sp. (floater mussel) in the Klamath River. We predicted that mussels would more commonly inhabit stable areas like pools, bar edges and bedrock and boulder substrates than less stable areas. We found that substrate and river edge correlated with M. falcata and G. angulata distribution, but mesohabitat did not. M. falcata referentially inhabited boulder and gravel substrates whereas G. angulata lived in boulder and cobble; both commonly occupied stable bank edges. Our research suggests that river edge and substrate are important factors for mussel habitat, and that mussels prefer habitats that are stable for multiple decades. Continued research on the Klamath River mussels is necessary for effective monitoring and conservation of mussels as a cultural and biological resource.

Credits

Citation: - Krall M. 2010. Freshwater Mussel Abundance and Habitat in the Klamath River of Northern California. B.A.Thesis, Department of Biology, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA. - Tennant C. 2010. A population demographic analysis of Gonidea angulata in the Mid-Klamath Basin. Whitman College, unpublished thesis. - Westover ML. 2010. Freshwater mussel distribution, abundance, and habitat preference in the middle Klamath River, Northern California. B.A.Thesis, Department of Biology, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA.

Use limitations

Extent

West -123.683481 East -122.437985
North 41.932604 South 41.186822

Scale Range

ArcGIS Metadata

Topics and Keywords

Themes or categories of the resource environment, biota, inlandWaters


* Content type Downloadable Data


Place keywords Calfornia, Klamath River

Theme keywords Karuk tribe, Margaritifera falcata, Freshwater mussels, Anodonta californiensis, Gonidea angulata

Theme keywords inlandWaters, biota, environment

Thesaurus
Title ISO 19115 Topic Category




Citation

* Title DS0660_20131003
Publication date 2007-20-10


Presentation formats * digital map


Citation Contacts

Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Geological Survey
Contact's role publisher


Contact information
Address
Delivery point Reston, Virginia



Responsible party
Organization's name U.S. Forest Service
Contact's role originator


Resource Details

Dataset languages English(UNITED STATES)


Status completed
Spatial representation type * vector


* Processing environment Microsoft Windows 7 Version 6.1 (Build 7601) Service Pack 1; Esri ArcGIS 10.1.1.3143


Credits
Citation: - Krall M. 2010. Freshwater Mussel Abundance and Habitat in the Klamath River of Northern California. B.A.Thesis, Department of Biology, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA. - Tennant C. 2010. A population demographic analysis of Gonidea angulata in the Mid-Klamath Basin. Whitman College, unpublished thesis. - Westover ML. 2010. Freshwater mussel distribution, abundance, and habitat preference in the middle Klamath River, Northern California. B.A.Thesis, Department of Biology, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA.
ArcGIS item properties
* Name DS0660_20131003
* Location Server=; :; Database=; User=; Version=
* Access protocol ArcSDE Connection

Extents

Extent
Description
publication date
Temporal extent
Beginning date 2007-01-01
Ending date 2010-01-01

Vertical extent
* Minimum value 0.000000
* Maximum value 0.000000


Extent
Geographic extent
Bounding rectangle
Extent type Extent used for searching
* West longitude -123.683481
* East longitude -122.437985
* North latitude 41.932604
* South latitude 41.186822
* Extent contains the resource Yes

Extent in the item's coordinate system
* West longitude -13768382.093700
* East longitude -13629734.112800
* South latitude 5039937.094300
* North latitude 5150889.146900
* Extent contains the resource Yes

Resource Points of Contact

Point of contact
Individual's name Kari Marie Norgaard, Ph.D.
Organization's name Whitman College
Contact's role point of contact


Contact information
Phone
Voice 509-527-4951

Address
e-mail address norgaakm@whitman.edu

Contact instructions
If Dr. Norgaard can not be contacted as an alternative try: Michael S. Kellett U.S. Forest Service 707-562-8940 mkellett02@fs.fed.us


Resource Maintenance

Resource maintenance
Update frequency not planned


Spatial Reference

ArcGIS coordinate system
* Type Projected
* Geographic coordinate reference GCS_WGS_1984
* Projection WGS_1984_Web_Mercator_Auxiliary_Sphere
* Coordinate reference details
Projected coordinate system
Well-known identifier 102100
X origin -20037700
Y origin -30241100
XY scale 10000
Z origin -100000
Z scale 10000
M origin -100000
M scale 10000
XY tolerance 0.001
Z tolerance 0.001
M tolerance 0.001
High precision true
Latest well-known identifier 3857
Well-known text PROJCS["WGS_1984_Web_Mercator_Auxiliary_Sphere",GEOGCS["GCS_WGS_1984",DATUM["D_WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS_1984",6378137.0,298.257223563]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Mercator_Auxiliary_Sphere"],PARAMETER["False_Easting",0.0],PARAMETER["False_Northing",0.0],PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",0.0],PARAMETER["Standard_Parallel_1",0.0],PARAMETER["Auxiliary_Sphere_Type",0.0],UNIT["Meter",1.0],AUTHORITY["EPSG",3857]]

Reference system identifier
* Value 3857
* Codespace EPSG
* Version 7.11.2


Spatial Data Properties

Vector
* Level of topology for this dataset geometry only


Geometric objects
Feature class name DS0660_20131003
* Object type composite
* Object count 41



ArcGIS Feature Class Properties
Feature class name DS0660_20131003
* Feature type Simple
* Geometry type Polyline
* Has topology FALSE
* Feature count 41
* Spatial index TRUE
* Linear referencing TRUE



Data Quality

Lineage

Process step
When the process occurred 2013-09-26
Description
Restructured attribute table to show the most pertinent information at the beginning. Also, made other minor edits to the metadata.


Process contact
Individual's name Sophie King
Organization's name California Department of Fish and Wildlife
Contact's position BIOS Data Librarian
Contact's role processor


Contact information




Process step
When the process occurred 2010-09-08
Description
Edited original metadata by adding ISO keywords. Reprojected data into California Teale Albers NAD83.


Process contact
Individual's name Greg Ewing
Organization's name California Department of Fish and Game
Contact's role processor


Contact information




Geoprocessing history

Process
Date 2010-09-0813:12:50
Tool location C:\Program Files\ArcGIS\ArcToolbox\Toolboxes\Data Management Tools.tbx\Project
Command issued
Include in lineage when exporting metadata No


Process
Date 2013-10-0312:11:37
Tool location C:\Program Files (x86)\ArcGIS\ArcToolbox\Toolboxes\Conversion Tools.tbx\FeatureClassToFeatureClass
Command issued
Include in lineage when exporting metadata No


Process
Date 2013-10-0312:18:12
Tool location C:\Program Files (x86)\ArcGIS\ArcToolbox\Toolboxes\Data Management Tools.tbx\Project
Command issued
Include in lineage when exporting metadata No


Distribution

Distributor
Available format
Name ArcGIS Geodatabase
Version 8.3
File decompression technique tar and uncompress


Ordering process



Distribution format
* Name SDE Feature Class


Transfer options
Online source
Location ftp://ftp.dfg.ca.gov/BDB/GIS/BIOS/Public_Datasets/600_699/ds660.zip

Online source
Location http://bios.dfg.ca.gov

Fields

Details for object DS0660_20131003
* Type Feature Class
* Row count 41
Definition
Occupied Mussel Reaches - Klamath River [ds660]


Field OBJECTID
* Alias OBJECTID
* Data type OID
* Width 4
* Precision 10
* Scale 0
* Field description
Internal feature number.
* Description source
ESRI
* Description of values
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.




Field Shape
* Alias Shape
* Data type Geometry
* Width 4
* Precision 0
* Scale 0
* Field description
Feature geometry.
* Description source
ESRI
* Description of values
Coordinates defining the features.




Field FDate
* Alias FDate
* Data type Date
* Width 36
* Precision 0
* Scale 0
Field description
The feature date of the original National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) feature.


Field FCode
* Alias FCode
* Data type Integer
* Width 4
* Precision 10
* Scale 0
Field description
The feature code of the original National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) flowline.
Subtype information
* Subtype name (Subtype code)
Underground Conduit (420)
42000
StreamRiver (460)
46006
Pipeline (428)
42805
ArtificialPath (558)
55800
CanalDitch (336)
33600
Connector (334)
33400
Coastline (566)
56600

* Domain name Coastline FCode
* Description
* Type Coded Value
* Merge rule Default value
* Split rule Duplicate



Field FType
* Alias FType
* Data type Integer
* Width 4
* Precision 10
* Scale 0
Field description
The feature type of the original National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) flowline (558 = Artificial Path).
Subtype information
* Subtype name (Subtype code)
Underground Conduit (420)
420
StreamRiver (460)
460
Pipeline (428)
428
ArtificialPath (558)
558
CanalDitch (336)
336
Connector (334)
334
Coastline (566)
566



Field ComID
* Alias ComID
* Data type Integer
* Width 4
* Precision 10
* Scale 0
Field description
Unique numeric identification number for the feature as assigned by the Geological Survey (USGS). Note this value cannot be used as the primary key as a single National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) flowline may be divided into several records though interaction with state borders.
Subtype information
* Subtype name (Subtype code)
Underground Conduit (420)
0
StreamRiver (460)
0
Pipeline (428)
0
ArtificialPath (558)
0
CanalDitch (336)
0
Connector (334)
0
Coastline (566)
0



Field ReachCode
* Alias ReachCode
* Data type String
* Width 14
* Precision 0
* Scale 0
Field description
Unique identifier composed of two parts. The first eight digits are the Cataloging Unit Code as defined by FIPS 103. The next six digits are randomly assigned, sequential numbers that are unique within a Catologing Unit.


Field GNIS_ID
* Alias GNIS_ID
* Data type String
* Width 10
* Precision 0
* Scale 0
Field description
Identifiers in the Geographic Names Information System.


Field GNIS_Name
* Alias GNIS_Name
* Data type String
* Width 65
* Precision 0
* Scale 0
Field description
Names in the Geographic Names Information System.


Field LengthKM
* Alias LengthKM
* Data type Double
* Width 8
* Precision 38
* Scale 8
Field description
Length of features in kilometers.


Field FlowDir
* Alias FlowDir
* Data type Integer
* Width 4
* Precision 10
* Scale 0
Field description
Direction of flow is encoded for networked features.
Subtype information
* Subtype name (Subtype code)
Underground Conduit (420)
0
StreamRiver (460)
0
Pipeline (428)
0
ArtificialPath (558)
0
CanalDitch (336)
0
Connector (334)
0
Coastline (566)
0

* Domain name HydroFlowDirections
* Description
* Type Coded Value
* Merge rule Default value
* Split rule Duplicate



Field Resolution
* Alias Resolution
* Data type Integer
* Width 4
* Precision 10
* Scale 0
Field description
Numeric U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) value indicating the resolution of the feature.
Subtype information
* Subtype name (Subtype code)
Underground Conduit (420)
no default value
StreamRiver (460)
no default value
Pipeline (428)
no default value
ArtificialPath (558)
no default value
CanalDitch (336)
no default value
Connector (334)
no default value
Coastline (566)
no default value

* Domain name Resolution
* Description
* Type Coded Value
* Merge rule Default value
* Split rule Duplicate

List of values
Value 3
Description medium


Value 2
Description high


Value 1
Description local




Field WBAreaComI
* Alias WBAreaComI
* Data type Integer
* Width 4
* Precision 10
* Scale 0
Field description
The waterbody comID of any National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) waterbodies intersecting the original NHD flowline.


Field Enabled
* Alias Enabled
* Data type SmallInteger
* Width 2
* Precision 5
* Scale 0
Field description
No definition for this field is found in "Standards for National Hydrography Dataset - High Resolution" (USGS 1999). Speculative: this field denotes geographic network compatibility of feature (1 = yes)?


Field Shape.STLength()
* Alias Shape.STLength()
* Data type Double
* Width 0
* Precision 0
* Scale 0






Overview Description


Metadata Details

Metadata language English(UNITED STATES)
Metadata character set utf8 - 8 bit UCS Transfer Format


Scope of the data described by the metadata dataset
Scope name * dataset


* Last update 2014-04-28


ArcGIS metadata properties
Metadata format ArcGIS1.0
Metadata style FGDC CSDGM Metadata


Created in ArcGIS for the item 2014-03-0617:22:45
Last modified in ArcGIS for the item 2014-04-2813:45:09


Automatic updates
Have been performed Yes
Last update 2014-04-2813:45:09


Metadata Contacts

Metadata contact
Individual's name Kari Marie Norgaard, Ph.D.
Organization's name Whitman College
Contact's role point of contact


Contact information
Phone
Voice (509) 527-4951

Address
e-mail address norgaakm@whitman.edu



Thumbnail and Enclosures

Thumbnail

Enclosure
Enclosure type File
Description of enclosure original metadata
Original metadata document, which was translated yes
Source metadata format fgdc